History of ozone

Here you will find the most comprehensive timeline of the history of ozone on the internet. We appreciate it goes into quite some detail so you can download both the lite and full on this page.

 

1785 - A strange odour is noticed by the Dutch chemist, Van Muram, near his electrostatic machine.

1801 - The same odour is again observed during Cruickshank's experiments into the electrolysis of water.

1840 - The substance that gave off this odour is officially discovered and named ozone, from the Greek word "ozein" - to smell, by a German scientist called Christian Friedrich Schönbein.

1857 - An ozone generator, now known as the "Siemens Type" ozone generator, is designed by a Werner Von Siemens.

1865 - Soret Jacques-Louis discovers the chemical formula for ozone.

1870 - C. Lender reports the first instance of ozone being used therapeutically, in Germany.

1881 - Dr. Kellogg mentions evidence of ozone being used as a disinfectant in his book on diphtheria.

1885 - "Ozone" by Dr. Charles J. Kenworth, MD, is published by the Florida Medical Association explaining in detail the use of ozone for therapeutic purposes.

1886 - Se Meritens realises ozone's ability to disinfect polluted water which was later recognized in Europe.

1893 - Ousbaden, Holland sees the world's first water treatment plant using ozone. Ozone is also used for the first time in Algae control.

1896 - Nikola Tesla patents his first ozone generator.

1898 - Thauerkauf and Luth starts the Institute for Oxygen Therapy in Berlin. They test ozone on animals and produce Homozon by bonding ozone to magnesium. A German doctor called Dr. Benedict Lust starts practising in New York, he is the originator and founder of Naturopathy and wrote many articles and books on ozone.

1900 - The Tesla Ozone Company is established and starts selling ozone generators to doctors.

1902 - "A Dictionary of Practical Materia Medica" by J.H.Clarke in London describes using ozonated water successfully in treating anaemia, cancer, diabetes, influenza, morphine poisoning, canker sores, strychnine poisoning and whooping cough. Germany's first full scale water treatment plant with ozone is established by Siemens and Halske.

1903 - Commercial scale application of ozone treated drinking water plants are established in Niagra Falls, USA.

1906 - In Nice, France's first ozone water treatment plant is installed which continued to utilise ozone for many years to come, giving rise to the title 'place of birth of ozone for drinking water treatment'.

1909 - Germany starts using ozone as a food preservative in the cold storage of meat.

1911 - Dr. Noble Eberhart, MD publishes "A Working Manual of High Frequency Currents". He is head of the Department of Physiologic Therapeutics at Loyola University. Eberhart uses ozone to treat tuberculosis, anaemia, chlorosis, tinnitus, whooping cough, asthma, bronchitis, hay fever, insomnia, pneumonia, diabetes, gout and syphilis.

1913 - Dr. Blass and German associates form The Eastern Association for Oxygen Therapy.

World War I - 1914 -1918 - Ozone is used to treat wounds, trench foot, gangrene and the effects of poison gas.

1915 - In Berlin, Dr. Albert Wolff uses ozone to treat colon cancer, cervical cancer and decubitis ulcers.

1916 - 49 ozone installations are in use throughout Europe (26 of which were located in France).

1920 - The President of the Chicago Hospital College of Medicine, Dr. Charles Neiswanger MD, publishes "Electro Therapeutical Practice." Chapter 32 was entitled “Ozone as a Therapeutic Agent."

1929 - "Ozone and Its Therapeutic Action" is published in the US describing how to treat 114 different diseases successfully with ozone. The authors were the heads of all the leading American hospitals.

1932 - Dr Edwin A. Fisch, a Swiss dentist, uses ozone in dentistry.

1934 - French physicians, Aubourg and Lacoste use ozone insufflation from 1934-1938.

1936 - In France, ozone is used to depurate shellfish.

1939 - Ozone is found to prevent the growth of yeast and mould during the storage of fruits.

1940 - Ozone's first use in the US. They use ozone to purify the swimming pool at US Naval Academy.

1942 - Ozone is used in the US for the storage of cheese and eggs.

1948 - In Oregon, Dr. William Turska begins using an ozone generator of his own design.

1951 - Dr. Turska writes the article "Oxidation". Dr. Turska pioneers the injection of ozone into the portal vein, thereby reaching the liver.

1953 - The German doctor Hans Wolff uses ozone in his practice, also writing the book "Medical Ozone" and training many doctors in ozone therapy.

1957 - An ozone generator patented by Dr. J. Hansler forms the basis of the German expansion of ozone therapy for many years to come. Ozone is also used for oxidation of Iron and Manganese in German drinking water.

1965 - Ireland and the UK (inc Scotland) uses ozone for colour control in surface water, this is the first report of ozone being used to control substance colour. At the same time, Swiss research leads to the use of ozone to oxidize micro pollutants and pesticides.

1970 - Ozone is used for algae control for the first time in France.

1976 - EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) approves the use of ozone in the US, as an antimicrobial oxidiser.

1979 - The first AIDS patient is treated with ozone by Dr. George Freibott.

1980 - AIDS is reported to be successfully treated with ozone by Dr. Horst Kief.

1982 - The FDA (Food and Drug Administration) in the US grants GRAS (Generally Recognised As Safe) status to the application of ozone in bottled water, as petitioned by the IBWA (International Bottled Water Association).

1984 - The Olympics officially starts using ozone to sanitise competition pool water.

1987 - A 600MGD (Million Gallons per Day) ozonation plant is installed in Los Angeles after 7 years of pilot testing.

1990 - Glaucoma, conjunctivitis and retinitis pigmentosa is successfully treated with ozone by the Cubans.

1992 - The Russians reveal their techniques in treating burn victims with ozone bubbled into brine, the results are astounding.

1995 - The GRAS status for the use of ozone in bottled water is renewed by the FDA.

1997 - An expert panel put together by the EPRS (Electric Power Research Institute) affirms ozone as GRAS for direct contact with food. The FDA has no objection.

1998 - The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, in conjunction with the Safe Drinking Water Act of 1991, confirms that ozone is effective in removing hazardous pathogens and chlorine resistant Cryptosporidium from water.

2001 - Ozone is approved by the FDA as a secondary direct food additive, antimicrobial agent.

2004 - Industrial guidance and recommendations are issued by the FDA on the use of ozone for processors of apple juice and cider in the removal of pathogens.